question的加分作用，请看托福Official Guide评卷人对一篇题为Dishonesty Kills
The writer's language is fluent, accurate, and varied enough to effectively
support the progression and connection of ideas. There is a variety of sentence
structures, including rhetorical questions.
那么，何谓rhetorical question?Rhetorical question会不会很难?
In any relationship of mine, I would wish that first of all, the person I'm
dealing with is honest.Even though s/he thinks that s/he did something wrong
that I wouldn't like,s/he'd better tell me the truth and not lie about it. Later
on if I find out about a lie or hear the truth from someone else, that'd be much
more unpleasant. In that case how can I ever believe or trust that person
again?How can I ever believe that this person has enough confidence in me to
forgive him/her and carry on with the relationship from there.……
A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question
thatis asked to make a point rather than to elicit an answer. Though a
rhetorical question does not require a direct answer, in many cases it may
beintended to start a discussion or at least draw an acknowledgement that
thelistener understands the intended message.
A rhetorical question is asked just for effect or to lay emphasison some
point discussed when no real answer is expected.
.ffectively addresses the topicand task
.s well organized and well developed, appropriate explanations,
exemplifications, and / or details
.isplay Unity, progression, and coherence
.isplay consistent use of language,demonstrating syntactic variety,
appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity
addresses the topic and task”。事实上，rhetorical
question的这种强调作用最著名的范例可能算是雪莱《西风颂》Ode to the West Wind的结尾了：
“O Wind,If Winter comes,can Spring be far behind?”
另外，问句，尤其是设问的合理使用还能起到很好的衔接作用，也就是评分标准的第三条“Display Unity, progression, and
? Emphasize a point
? Persuade powerfully
? Influence subtly
? Provoke thinking
? Help smooth transition
Some people prefer to ask others for help; others prefer to solve the
problem with their own knowledge. Which is your choice?
Such is human nature that everyone longs for happiness in our life.
Unfortunately, on the path to pursue happiness, we are likely to face various
problems. How to solve them? Should we rely on ourselves to remove the obstacle
or turn toothers for a cure?From my perspective, it is more reasonable to ask
others for help.
Admittedly, always hinging on others to solve problems might be irrational
in some cases. For example, if you ask an acquaintance with whom you haven’t a
close tie to lend you a hand, he might be reluctant, because most of us have our
own care and concern. Besides,some people are unwilling to shoulder the
responsibility for the advice they offer. It’s not a rare case when we ask our
friend for advice on what major to choose only to get a reply: “Well, it’s
really hard to say. Who knows what your real interest is? Who knows what major
will be popular when you graduate?”
In spite of the points mentioned above, I still cling to the idea that we
should depend on others for the following reasons.
First of all, asking others for help can save us much valuable time, time
that we can use for other purposes. As is known to all, most people in
contemporary society are always burdened with endless stress and strain. To be
admitted to prestigious universities, schoolchildren have to burn midnight oil
to out do their peers in exams; likewise,university students can do nothing but
to work against the clock to lend themselves an edge over others in the talent
market so that they can land adecent job. Given the quickening pace of life, how
can we expect us to remove all the obstacles only by ourselves?
In addition, turning to others for help is an efficient way for us to
enlarge our circle of friends. It is not a rare case that friendship might be
formed after we ask others for help. Take myself as an example. After helping me
find a cure for my personal health problem, one of my colleagues has become my
best friend. Now, when in trouble,he also asks for my advice. No wonder some
even state that it is an efficient way to find friends by “bothering” others for
their help.Sounds surprising?It is a discovery revealed inrecent research
conducted by a group of leading experts.
Most importantly, it is the only choice to call for help when the solution
to a problem requires expertise. Itis known to all that today’s society differs
greatly from what it was before. Even a century ago, most folks could be
self-sufficient: they grew grain on their own land and wove cloth on their own
looms, which seems unimaginable in modern society. Unlike the “good old days”,
modern society is a huge complex machine in which each person can serve only as
a tiny part.For example, City dwellers depend on farmers for grain while farmers
rely on factory workers for industrial products; in the same way, factory
workers may temporarily drown our worries in soap operas shown on the screen
while film-makers cannot have a film produced, however talented they might be,
without the talents of play wrights,directors, photographers, actors or
Why not ask others for solution when necessary?Good or bad, this might be
the best choice left to us.
when it comes to the topic that…, opinions of the public are of great
variety. Admittedly, some people would claim that….. However, I still insist
that… My reasons will be listed as follows.
Nowadays, the influence of A on B is a matter for debate for a long time.
some people claim that… However, I disagree with them. In my viewpoint, … and
the following is my reasons.
advantageous,exert positive/negative influence
D/A: One ofthe best ways that parents can help their teenager children
prepare for adult life is to encourage them to take a part-time job.
在这个题目中，所涉及到的名词有parents, teenager children, adult life, 和a part-time
job属于话题的关键词眼，所以[第一步]我们可以直接针对a part-timejob进行解释，比如Part-time jobs, which act as a
warm-up for the future career, can provide children with a general image of the
society. 或者Part-time jobs is of great importance in helping children better
understand the society they are live
in.定义法解释过之后，[第二步]我们要引出题目中的其它对象，最后第三步引出自己立场。比如上边紧接着a part-time job 这一句可以For most
parents, it is really an ideal choice to help their children prepare for adult
life.[第三步]在点明观点时，我们可以紧接着提出，Thus I agree with the opinion in the
statement.甚至最后可以加一句，比如：my reasons will be detailed as follows. 或者my reasons are
Part-time jobs, which act as a warm-up for the future career, can provide
children with ageneral image of the society.For most parents, it is really an
ideal choice to help their children prepare for adult life.Thus I agree with the
opinion in the statement. My reasons will be detailed as follows.
Parents, as the most essential guide in our life, love us so much that they
always want a fast and steady development of us. Thus, many parents suggest
their children to work on a part-time job, which acts as a warm-up for their
future career. From where I stand, I agree with the suggestion to take on a
part-time job during teenage period. My reasons are listed as follows.
Teenage is the most crucial period in one’s life, for it is a fast
developing stage both in physical and mental aspects. That is why parents are
urged to figure out the most efficient way for their children to keep up with
the quick development. Working on a part-time job is considered one of the best
solutions for many parents. From where I stand, I agree with the suggestion to
take on apart-time job during teenage period. My reasons are listed as
Many teenagers are looking forward to the adult life while the other are
reluctant to grow up. However, growing up is an inevitable process/stage in
one’s life. Part-time job, which acts as a warm-up for the future career, gives
children a general image of the society.From where I stand, I agree with the
suggestion to take on a part-time job during teenage period. My reasons are
listed as follows.
我们还可以以同样的方法带入其它题目，比如D/A: People should have hobbies and do physical
activities that are very different from work.
这个题目所涉及名词有work和hobbies and physical
For most people, work takes a massive part of our whole lives. We go to
school to prepare for a career, work through our best years, and eventually,
after retirement, live off of pension generated from the job. However, other
than the monetary part, our hobbies and physical activities might benefit us
more if they were different from our jobs.